According to interesting research conducted by the scientists at Columbia University, cognition can be improved in young as well as middle-aged adults through aerobic exercise training.
The research conclusion is generated after observing 132 adults, who were 20 to 67-year old. The researchers identified that through aerobic exercise training, significant improvement in executive function was observed in young and adult participants, though the effect of the exercise was getting prominent with increasing age.
The research signifies that aerobic exercise training develops cognition with pace in younger adults, proposing that exercise can slow down or prevent the occurrence of very few age-related cognitive alterations.
The researchers have examined the cognitive changes by offering flexibility to the participants for performing their own choice of exercises at any suitable time. The effective results through such flexibility could possibly attract general public for adopting the changes in their lifestyle.
Multiple previous researchers related to cognition and exercises have focused on the aged people, and those that comprise young adults were at a narrow scale and did not include any randomly selected control group.
All participants opted for the research worked out four times a week at a local YMCA, and participants in the exercise group performed any form of aerobic exercises until they reached target heartbeat rates.
Before the beginning of trials, participants were tested for processing speed, executive function, attention, language, and episodic memory. Later, the tests were again conducted for two times at an interval of 12 Weeks.
After 24 Weeks, the final tests were conducted, which revealed that significant improvement was observed in executive functioning in all the participants of the aerobic exercises group with varying ages,
However, aerobic exercise was not seemed to be effective for cognitive function in processing speed, attention, processing, language, or episodic memory for candidates of any age.